Sarajevo, the capital of Bosnia and Herzegovina, is a city of 395,133 people (urban area), nestled in a valley, mainly within the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, but with parts in the Republika Srpska entity. Sarajevo is one of the very historically interesting and varied cities in Europe. It is a place where in fact the Western & Eastern Roman Empire split; where in fact the folks of the Roman Catholic west, Eastern Orthodox east and the Ottoman south, met, lived and warred. It has been both a typical example of historical turbulence and the clash of civilizations, along with a beacon of expect peace and tolerance through multi-cultural integration. Four distinct seasons with warm or hot summers and cold winters. Sarajevo is actually on the mountain so winters can be slightly colder here than in other capital cities in the region.Sarajevo is a very historically significant city, its landmarks feature a story so I would suggest taking a walking tour of Sarajevo on your arrival.Sarajevo is a small city so these walking tours are an effective way to really get your bearings and local recommendations along with the backstory and personal accounts of the events this city has suffered and celebrated like the Sarajevo Siege, the longest siege on a capital city in modern history.Let’s go back, way back to 28th June 1914, the day that saw an event which (apparently) kicked off World War I and changed the planet forever. Latin Bridge is where in fact the assassination in Sarajevo took place.The architecture in Sarajevo is equally as interesting as the history is. You’ll see a mix of grand and ghastly! Austro-Hungarian craft sits alongside with the ‘function over frills’soviet-style bland buildings! The most decadent of them is City Hall which looks like a huge layered sponge cake near Latin Bridge. Stroll through the cobbled streets of Baščaršija, grab a coffee or shisha and people watch or buy some trinkets from the cute shops which line the little Old Town lanes. Look out for landmarks such as for example Gazi Husrev-beg Mosque. One of the prettiest things to accomplish in Sarajevo through the night is always to ingest the sunset and city views (there is a better viewpoint to come) from the Yellow Bastion/Yellow Fortress. Take some beers and join the locals to watch the day disappear.